Characterization of chemical, molecular, thermal and rheological properties of medlar pectin extracted at optimum conditions as determined by Box-Behnken and ANFIS models
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In this work, response surface methodology and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system approaches were used to predict and model effect of extraction conditions of pectin from medlar fruit (Mespilus germanica L.). The pectin extracted at optimized conditions (89 °C, 4.83 h and 4.2 pH) could be classified as high methoxyl pectin. Sugar composition analysis showed that pectin was mainly composed of D-galacturonic acid, L-arabinose, L-rhamnose, D-galactose and D-glucose. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, RAMAN and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra confirmed molecular structure, revealing presence of D-galacturonic acid backbone. X-ray diffraction patterns revealed an amorphous structure. Differential scanning calorimetry showed endothermic (123 °C) and exothermic peaks (192 °C). Thermogravimetric analysis revealed three decomposition regions, 50–225 °C, 225–400 °C and 400–600 °C. Steady and dynamic shear analyses revealed that pectin had a pseudo-plastic behavior with storage (G?) and loss (G?) modulus increasing with increment in frequency, indicating viscoelastic structure more predominantly elastic than viscous. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
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