Characterization of functional properties of Enterococcus spp. isolated from Turkish white cheese
Enterococcus species was isolated from Turkish white cheese and genotypic characterization of these isolates revealed the presence of 12 distinct strains belonging to 5 different species: Enterococcus faecium, E. faecalis, E. durans, E. gallinarum and E. italicus. All strains showed good survival ability under bile salt conditions. The antibiotic resistance of these strains was low but two strains showed high levels of resistance including resistance to vancomycin. PCR detection of virulence determinant in these isolates revealed that cheese isolate enterococci contained virulence genes common in gut and food originated enterococci and importantly two strains harboured cylB gene related to cytolysin metabolism. No complete hemolytic activity was observed for Enterococcus strains but partial hemolytic activity was observed 8 out of 12 strains. Additionally, all strains showed important levels of antimicrobial activity against food-borne pathogens and PCR screening of genes encoding enterocin A and B indicated the presence of enterocin B gene in all tested strains. The antimicrobial activities of the tested strains were lost after proteolytic enzyme treatments but no alteration was observed at different pHs and after heat treatments. In summary, this study reflected characteristics of Enterococcus strains presented in Turkish white cheese in terms of functional and safety perspectives. © 2016
SourceLWT - Food Science and Technology
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The aim of this work was to characterize the functional properties of Enterococcus faecium strains identified after isolation from human faeces. Of these isolates, strain R13 showed the best resistance to low pH, bile ...
Impact of the exopolysaccharide layer on biofilms, adhesion and resistance to stress in Lactobacillus johnsonii FI9785 Background: The bacterial cell surface is a crucial factor in cell-cell and cell-host interactions. Lactobacillus johnsonii FI9785 produces an exopolysaccharide (EPS) layer whose quantity and composition is altered in ...
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from traditional koumiss and kurut samples and identification of these isolates revealed the presence of Lactobacillus fermentum, Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus durans, and ...