Effect of external magnetic field on valence-electron structures of Fe and Ni in Invar, Permalloy and the other Fe-Ni alloys by using K?-to-K? X-ray intensity ratios
The effect of external magnetic field on the valence-electron structures of Fe and Ni in various Fe-Ni alloy compositions was investigated by using X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. K?-to-K? X-rayin-tensity ratios of Fe and Ni in Invar(Fe 0.64 Ni 0.36 ), Permalloy(Fe 0.20 Ni 0.80 ) and Fe N - i x 1x Firstly,(x=0, 0.40, 0.52, 0.55, 0.61, and 1) alloys were measured without any magnetic field and under 0.5 and 1 T external magnetic fields, separately. Later, the valence-electron structures of Fe and Ni in both pure form and alloys were obtained by comparison of measured X-ray intensity ratios with the results of multi-configurations Dirac-Fock (MCDF) calculations. The results obtained for valence-electron structures of Fe and Ni in various Fe-Ni alloys were evaluated in terms of magnetic field effect, delocalization and/or charge transfer phenomena. The results have shown that valence electron structure of Fe and Ni in Fe-Ni alloys are dependent on both external magnetic field and concentration of alloy elements. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
SourceApplied Radiation and Isotopes
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