The production of ice cream using stevia as a sweetener
In this research, the effect of stevia addition on the physical, chemical and sensory properties of ice-creams were investigated. For this aim, four different ice- cream samples were produced using sucrose and stevia as sweetener (the plain + sucrose, cocoa + sucrose, plain + stevia and cocoa + stevia). The highest overrun ratio (20.17 %) was found in samples added cocoa and stevia. The viscosity of samples added cocoa and stevia (20.29 Pa.s) at 20 rpm were higher than that of other samples. The longest first melting time (3460 s) was found in samples added cocoa + stevia and the shortest time (1400s) was samples containing cocoa + sucrose. The last melting times were changed at around 8700 s and 9440 s. The pH degrees of samples were around 6.50 and 6.62. As samples containing stevia did not contain sucrose, sucrose amount of samples added sucrose were around 3.93 and 4.31 %. The fat destabilizations of samples were around 44.79 and 59.98 %. Panelists preferred the samples added stevia and cocoa as others. © 2015, Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India).