Energetic and exergetic comparison of air to air and air to water heat pumps according to evaporator conditions
This paper presents an experimental energetic and exergetic comparison for a heat pump system that can be run in different modes as air to air and air to water. Components of the heat pump do not change when the running mode changes, except for the condenser. This means that some external and internal effects (like compressor type, pipe lines) that can affect the system performance will be the same for each running mode. The comparison which was made in this study demonstrates which system leads to an efficient conversion and supply of energy and exergy. In the analysis, four balance (mass, energy, entropy and exergy) equations are applied to the system for the two modes. Exergy and energy efficiency values for both systems are given, while exergy destructions in each of the systems are determined and presented. It is seen that the heat pump unit which has the highest COP value is the air to air type (3.45-3.8); second is the air to water type (3.35-3.41). The exergy efficiency of the air to air heat pump (29-32%) is higher than the exergy efficiency of the air to water type heat pump (24.1-25). Ranking of the exergy destruction rates of the two heat pump types from high to low is as follows: air to air and air to water. © Universiti Malaysia Pahang.